Hot heads & cool bodies: The conundrums of human BAT activity research

Published: 5 January 2017
Author(s): Lonneke Bahler, Frits Holleman, Jan Booij, Joost B. Hoekstra, Hein J. Verberne
Issue: January 2017
Section: Narrative Review

Brown adipose tissue is able to increase energy expenditure by converting glucose and fatty acids into heat. Therefore, BAT is able to increase energy expenditure and could thereby facilitate weight loss or at least weight maintenance. Since cold is a strong activator of BAT, most prospective research is performed during cold to activate BAT.In current research, there are roughly two methods of cooling. Cooling by lowering ambient air temperature, which uses a fixed temperature for all subjects and personalized cooling, which uses cooling blankets or vests with temperatures that can be adjusted to the individual set point of shivering.