Association between particulate air pollution and venous thromboembolism: A systematic literature review

Published: 27 November 2015
Author(s): Massimo Franchini, Carlo Mengoli, Mario Cruciani, Carlo Bonfanti, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
Section: Review Article

Air pollution is a leading global problem for public health. A number of ambient pollutants have been involved, including carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3) and particulate matter (PM). Although exposure to PM has been linked to a wide array of cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, its effect on venous thrombotic disorders is still uncertain. To elucidate this issue, we have performed a systematic review on the existing literature on the association between PM and venous thromboembolism (VTE), using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane electronic databases.