The effect of smoking on carotid intima–media thickness progression rate and rate of lumen diameter reduction

Published: 5 November 2015
Author(s): Kristina Hansen, Gerd Östling, Margaretha Persson, Peter M. Nilsson, Olle Melander, Gunnar Engström, Bo Hedblad, Maria Rosvall
Section: Original Article

The purpose of the study was to investigate the long-term associations between smoking habits, environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETS), carotid intima–media thickness (IMT) progression rate, and rate of lumen diameter reduction in the carotid artery during a 16-year follow-up. Another objective was to investigate if an effect of smoking on progression rate could be explained by increased low grade inflammation.