Published: 10 December 2023
Author(s): Gianluca Rigatelli, Marco Zuin
Issue: March 2024
Section: Clinical Insights

The most common types of interatrial communications are represented by the ostium secundum, ostium primum and sinus venosus defects. Specifically, the ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) represent about 7 % of all congenital cardiac anomalies. occurring in about 1/1500 live births, with an estimated prevalence among females ranging between 65 % and 75 % [1]. Conversely, several epidemiological analyses have showed that patent foramen ovale (PFO) has a prevalence ranging between 25 % and 27 % in adult subjects from general populations [2].


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