Published: 29 September 2017
Author(s): Michael Nixon, Rudi G.J. Westendorp
Section: Letter to the Editor

Lili Ilse Elvenes (*1882 Denmark–†1931 Germany) was one of the first transgender women who ultimately died from on a series of risky and essentially unproven operations to remove her male parts and transplant female reproductive organs. Her remarkable life history – made into ‘The Danish Girl’ and the learnings thereof – carries important messages about how we, citizens and doctors alike, should deal with hormonal conditions. There are instructive parallels with other disorders, for example, insufficiency of the thyroid gland.


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