Published: 29 June 2020
Author(s): Javier de Miguel-Diez, Romana Albaladejo-Vicente, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Zichen Ji, Marta Lopez-Herranz, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Ana López-de-Andrés
Section: Original article

Pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world [1]. The setting in which pneumonia is acquired, i.e., in the community or in the hospital, heavily influences diagnostic and therapeutic choices [1]. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of infectious death in Europe and the United States [2, 3]. Several studies have reported an increase in hospital admissions for CAP in recent years [4–7], which is not fully explained by an aging population, rising prevalence of coexisting conditions, or coding changes [5, 6].

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