Published: 21 January 2019
Author(s): Niccolò Riccardi, Roberta Maria Antonello, Roberto Luzzati, Joanna Zajkowska, Stefano Di Bella, Daniele Roberto Giacobbe
Issue: January 2019

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an emerging health threat that is spreading in many parts of Europe. The mix of socio-economical, ecological and climatic factors as well as the presence of more susceptible hosts is actively contributing to the increasing number of TBE reported cases. TBE is an important cause of central nervous system (CNS) infection that can result in long-term neurological sequelae and even death. Diagnosis of TBE relays mainly on high clinical suspicion confirmed by serological and molecular assays both on serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with an ancillary role for neuroimaging in supporting the diagnosis.

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