Published: 20 January 2021
Author(s): Leonardo Bencivenga, Klara Komici, Grazia Daniela Femminella, Stefania Paolillo, Paola Gargiulo, Roberto Formisano, Roberta Assante, Carmela Nappi, Brunella Puzone, Immacolata Sepe, Antonio Cittadini, Dino Franco Vitale, Nicola Ferrara, Alberto Cuocolo, Pasquale Perrone Filardi, Giuseppe Rengo
Issue: May 2021
Section: Original article

Heart failure (HF) is a very prevalent condition associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, thus representing a relevant global health burden. It affects more than 26 million people worldwide [1], with overall prevalence in developed countries of 1-2% in continuous increase, and it is expected to rise up to 3% in U.S. by 2030 [2]. HF is particularly common in the elderly and it is considered one of the main geriatric syndromes, constituting the most frequent cause for hospitalization among older adults [3].

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