Published: 6 March 2024
Author(s): Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Victoria Catalán, Beatriz Ramírez, Laura Salmón-Gómez, Rocío Marugán-Pinos, Amaia Rodríguez, Sara Becerril, Maite Aguas-Ayesa, Patricia Yárnoz-Esquíroz, Laura Olazarán, Carolina M. Perdomo, Camilo Silva, Javier Escalada, Gema Frühbeck
Issue: May 2024
Section: Original Article

Over the past decades, obesity has been increasingly prevalent throughout the world. Between 1975 and 2014, the prevalence of obesity in adults, defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m², increased from 6.4 % to 14.9 % in women and from 3.2 % to 10.8 % in men [1]. According to medical definitions, obesity is a condition marked by an increase in adipose tissue that is relevant enough to exert a negative impact on health [2] having a multifactorial origin [3]. Excess adiposity is linked to higher rates of morbidity and mortality due to the increment in the development of comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, and some types of cancer [4,5].

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