Published: 24 October 2018
Author(s): Anna Maria Brambilla, Elena Prina, Giovanni Ferrari, Viviana Bozzano, Rodolfo Ferrari, Paolo Groff, Giuseppina Petrelli, Raffaele Scala, Fabio Causin, Paola Noto, Emanuela Bresciani, Antonio Voza, Stefano Aliberti, Roberto Cosentini, 3P study group
Issue: October 2018

Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) represents a standard of care to treat some acute respiratory failure (ARF). Data on its use in pneumonia are lacking, especially in a setting outside the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The aims of this study were to evaluate the use of NIV in ARF due to pneumonia outside the ICU, and to identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality.


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