Published: 27 February 2016
Author(s): Juan Ybarra, Joan Sánchez-Hernández, Ramon Vilallonga, June H. Romeo
Section: Original Article

A robust and consistent association between increasing body mass index (BMI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been reported in several observational studies. Obesity remains the main preventable risk factor for CKD because it largely mediates diabetes and hypertension, the 2 most common etiologies for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Obesity is associated weakly with early stages of kidney disease but strongly with kidney progression to ESKD, even after adjustment for hypertension and diabetes.

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